Finally, summer and time to enjoy the outdoors! But it is also time for protection.
This is because summer is also the time when tick-borne infections such as TBE (tick-borne encephalitis) and Borrelia (Lyme Borrelios) get more common. Here is some useful information about both.
Quick facts about TBE (from Fasting.nu)
TBE is spreading both west and south in Sweden. 2017 reported the highest number of cases in Stockholm, Uppsala, Västra Götaland and Södermanland.
- Those who get infected with TBE viruses can get flu-like symptoms in 1-2 weeks, such as mild fever and head and body aches. It lasts for up to a week. After that, you feel restored and then have lifelong immunity.
- At every 3rd infection, the virus can spread to the brain. In this case, one gets sick again with an affected general condition that often requires hospitalization.
- There is no medicine that cures TBE, but the treatment given is only symptomatic. That’s why it’s so important to vaccinate against TBE if you stay in areas where TBE infection occurs. Look for vaccination centers here.
Quick facts about Borrelia (from Fasting.nu)
Yearly, at least 10,000 people are suffering from Borrelia infection in Sweden. You can not vaccinate against Borrelia, but it can be treated. One can also suffer from borrelia several times.
- At the bite, you see an expanding redness greater than five centimeters in diameter. It occurs 1-4 weeks after the bite and can fade from the center and outwards. Sometimes one may feel sick and possibly get a fever.
- Borrelia can also give symptoms of the central nervous system, joints and occasionally from the heart. Symptoms of the nervous system can be headaches, nausea or radiant pains in the arms, legs or back. Sometimes, half-sided facial paralysis occurs.
- Be aware of tick-infested areas. After coming indoors, check your clothes for ticks, shower as soon as possible, and if you discover a tick the sooner you remove it the less is the risk of infection. Learn how to remove a tick.
- Antibiotics are used successfully in most cases when treating Borrelia.