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30 April, 2019

Tips for lazy Swedish learners

During my years of studying languages, I’ve learnt how to make the learning process simple and save a lot of time. So, if you’re a lazy Swedish learner, you want to build up your vocabulary or you just want to learn some new rules and words quickly, this article is for you.

En/Ett

Not sure if it’s an en or an ett word? Below you may find a few tricks that will help you to master that:

More than 2/3 of the nouns are en words and only around 1/3 are ett words.

100% of the nouns that end with -ka, -la and -na are en words.

97% of the nouns that end with -re are en words.

96% of the nouns that end with –ng are en words.

98% of the nouns that end with –a are en words.

84% of the nouns that end with –g are en words.

More than 70% of the nouns that end with -de, -te and –ag are ett words.

Most of the nouns that describe something alive (for example a teacher, a dog) are en words (except for the child, which says a lot about the Swedes).

Most of the nouns that have the same singular and plural form are ett words (for example ett hus).

Words that are the same in Swedish and English

The longest published list of Swedish words that are the same in English I found contains 1558 words. 1558 new words with no effort, because you already know them! The list contains all types of words, like nouns, verbs, adjectives and abbreviations. You can download it here.

But be careful with using them. Of course, there is a lot of words that sound the same in Swedish and English, but also many false friends, sometimes really hilarious like full (drunk), bra (good) or puss (kiss).

Learn sentences, not words

Learning new words by heart is useless if you don’t know how to use them in a sentence. By learning sentences you memorize not only the words in a right context, but also grammar structures that you can easily recreate in other sentences.

Do you have any other tips that made your learning process more efficient? Share them in comments!

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Ada Juraś
My name is Ada and I come from Poland where I study Linguistics for business. I am passionate about Swedish art, design, politics and culture. I've been living in Östermalm in Stockholm since 2017.

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